HIV and Being pregnant
From the early days of the neighborhood studying about HIV, there have been plenty of questions and misconceptions about HIV. There have additionally been many developments within the understanding of HIV and being pregnant. To grasp how HIV impacts pregnant girls and their unborn baby, you will need to perceive what HIV is and the way it may be contracted.
So, what’s HIV? HIV stands for “Human Immunodeficiency Virus.” Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is a virus that damages the immune system over time and is the virus that causes Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS). Our immune programs work on our behalf to maintain us wholesome and battle off infections. Many individuals with HIV have no idea that they’ve HIV as a result of they really feel and seem wholesome. They will infect others with out even figuring out it. Whereas there isn’t a recognized treatment for HIV or AIDS, there are numerous therapies and trials that present a greater high quality of life and, in some instances, lengthen the lives of these recognized with both HIV or AIDS.
Let’s speak about the way you DON’T get HIV. You aren’t getting HIV from touching, hugging, or being round an individual with HIV. You’ll be able to’t get HIV from bug bites or mosquitos. You’ll be able to’t get HIV from kissing until one among you has an open sore or reduce in/outdoors the mouth. You’ll be able to’t get HIV from giving blood. HIV shouldn’t be transmitted by saliva.
Now, how CAN you contract HIV? HIV is transmitted by blood and bodily fluids together with semen, vaginal secretions and breast milk. Principally, there needs to be a manner for the HIV virus to exit the contaminated particular person and an entry for the HIV virus to enter your physique. The three most typical methods to contract HIV is thru unprotected sexual activity, sharing needles, and from mom to toddler.
How do I do know if I’ve HIV? The Facilities for Illness Management (CDC) suggest that ladies who could turn out to be pregnant, or who’re pregnant, have an HIV take a look at as quickly as potential. In case you are already pregnant, chances are you’ll request an HIV take a look at at any time throughout your being pregnant, normally on the first prenatal appointment. The sooner, the higher to cut back the possibility of mom to child transmission.
When you take a look at HIV-negative and have unprotected intercourse or share needles, you need to be examined once more throughout the being pregnant. You need to ask to be examined once more in your third trimester as typically it takes time for the virus to be current in blood exams. It’s a good suggestion to be examined since you may have been uncovered HIV Test to HIV by unprotected intercourse, with out figuring out it and even with out your accomplice figuring out it. When you share needles, you may additionally be at larger threat of contracting HIV so a repeat HIV take a look at is really useful.
Will my child have HIV if I’m HIV optimistic? When you uncover that you’re HIV optimistic throughout being pregnant, meet along with your healthcare supplier to debate remedy choices. You need to start remedy instantly and MUST observe your really useful remedy protocol throughout being pregnant, labor, supply, and breastfeeding (and past) to cut back the potential of passing HIV on to the newborn. It’s potential to ship a child that’s not HIV optimistic. The sooner you start antiviral remedy, the higher the probabilities that your child won’t be HIV optimistic. When you take a look at HIV optimistic, your new child MUST take an antiviral remedy protocol to cut back the newborn’s probabilities of changing into contaminated with HIV.
Most girls which can be HIV optimistic have their infants delivered by caesarean part (C-section). Nevertheless, some girls which can be HIV optimistic can have vaginal deliveries if they’ve a low viral load (low-level or undetectable HIV in blood).
In resource-rich international locations, reminiscent of america, girls which can be HIV optimistic are strongly suggested to make use of child method to feed their infants. Child method is the most secure feeding technique for infants born to HIV optimistic moms. Nevertheless, in the event you don’t have entry to child method, sterile bottles and clear water each day, breastfeeding could also be your solely possibility. On this case, it’s much more vital so that you can proceed to take your remedy protocol each day and on your child to take her remedy protocol as properly. Even when the mom and child are each on antiviral drugs, there’s nonetheless an opportunity of passing HIV on to the toddler by breast milk.
Due to analysis, schooling, and improved therapies, many individuals with HIV stay lengthy, wholesome lives. As with most sicknesses, prevention, early detection and strict adherence to remedy protocols can result in favorable outcomes.